How Ticks Dig In With a Mouth Full of Hooks | Deep Look

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  • تم نشره في 2018/03/20
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    Why can't you just flick a tick? Because it attaches to you with a mouth covered in hooks, while it fattens up on your blood. For days. But don't worry - there *is* a way to pull it out.
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    DEEP LOOK: a new ultra-HD (4K) short video series created by KQED San Francisco and presented by PBS Digital Studios. See the unseen at the very edge of our visible world. Explore big scientific mysteries by going incredibly small.
    Spring is here. Unfortunately for hikers and picnickers out enjoying the weather, the new season is prime time for ticks, which can transmit bacteria that cause Lyme disease.
    How they latch on - and stay on - is a feat of engineering that scientists have been piecing together. Once you know how a tick’s mouth works, you understand why it’s impossible to simply flick a tick.
    The key to their success is a menacing mouth covered in hooks that they use to get under the surface of our skin and attach themselves for several days while they fatten up on our blood.
    “Ticks have a lovely, evolved mouth part for doing exactly what they need to do, which is extended feeding,” said Kerry Padgett, supervising public health biologist at the California Department of Public Health in Richmond. “They're not like a mosquito that can just put their mouth parts in and out nicely, like a hypodermic needle.”
    Instead, a tick digs in using two sets of hooks. Each set looks like a hand with three hooked fingers. The hooks dig in and wriggle into the skin. Then these “hands” bend in unison to perform approximately half-a-dozen breaststrokes that pull skin out of the way so the tick can push in a long stubby part called the hypostome.
    “It’s almost like swimming into the skin,” said Dania Richter, a biologist at the Technische Universität Braunschweig in Germany, who has studied the mechanism closely. “By bending the hooks it’s engaging the skin. It’s pulling the skin when it retracts.”
    The bottom of their long hypostome is also covered in rows of hooks that give it the look of a chainsaw. Those hooks act like mini-harpoons, anchoring the tick to us for the long haul.
    “They’re teeth that are backwards facing, similar to one of those gates you would drive over but you're not allowed to back up or else you'd puncture your tires,” said Padgett.
    --- How to remove a tick.
    Kerry Padgett, at the California Department of Public Health, recommends grabbing the tick close to the skin using a pair of fine tweezers and simply pulling straight up.
    “No twisting or jerking,” she said. “Use a smooth motion pulling up.”
    Padgett warned against using other strategies.
    “Don't use Vaseline or try to burn the tick or use a cotton swab soaked in soft soap or any of these other techniques that might take a little longer or might not work at all,” she said. “You really want to remove the tick as soon as possible.”
    --- What happens if the mouth of a tick breaks off in your skin?
    Don’t worry if the tick’s mouth parts stay behind when you pull.
    “The mouth parts are not going to transmit disease to people,” said Padgett.
    If the mouth stayed behind in your skin, it will eventually work its way out, sort of like a splinter does, she said. Clean the bite area with soap and water and apply antibiotic ointment.
    ---+ Read the entire article on KQED Science: www.kqed.org/science/1920972/how-ticks-dig-in-with-a-mouth-full-of-hooks
    ---+ For more information:
    Centers for Disease Control information on Lyme disease:
    www.cdc.gov/lyme/
    Mosquito & Vector Control District for San Mateo County, California:
    www.smcmvcd.org/ticks

    ---+ More Great Deep Look episodes:
    How Mosquitoes Use Six Needles to Suck Your Blood
    arclip.net/video/rD8SmacBUcU/فيديو.html
    So … Sometimes Fireflies Eat Other Fireflies
    arclip.net/video/oWdCMFvgFbo/فيديو.html
    ---+ See some great videos and documentaries from the PBS Digital Studios!
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    ---+ About KQED
    KQED, an NPR and PBS affiliate in San Francisco, CA, serves Northern California and beyond with a public-supported alternative to commercial TV, Radio and web media.
    Funding for Deep Look is provided in part by PBS Digital Studios. Deep Look is a project of KQED Science, which is supported by the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, the Dirk and Charlene Kabcenell Foundation, the Vadasz Family Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Fuhs Family Foundation Fund and the members of KQED.
    #deeplook #ticks #tickbite
  • علوم وتكنولوجياعلوم وتكنولوجيا

تعليقات • 3 879

  • Gabriela Quiros
    Gabriela Quiros سنوات قبل +1902

    Hello Deep Look fans. Thank you very much for watching! I produced this episode of Deep Look and wrote an article to accompany the video. I know many of you are curious about how to best remove a tick. Kerry Padgett, supervising biologist and tick expert at the California Department of Public Health, recommends grabbing the tick close to the skin using a pair of fine tweezers and simply pulling straight up.
    Padgett warned against using other strategies.
    “Don’t use Vaseline or try to burn the tick or use a cotton swab soaked in soft soap or any of these other techniques that might take a little longer or might not work at all,” she said. “You really want to remove the tick as soon as possible.”
    Time is of the essence. If an infected tick bites humans, it actually takes at least 24 hours before Lyme bacteria start swimming out in the saliva the tick drips into its host.
    So don’t worry if the tick’s mouth parts - the ones covered in those tenacious hooks - stay behind when you pull.
    “The mouth parts are not going to transmit disease to people,” said Padgett.
    Once the tick’s body is no longer attached, it can’t transmit bacteria. And if the mouth stays behind in your skin, it will eventually work its way out, sort of like a splinter does, she said.
    You can read my complete article here: www.kqed.org/science/1920972/how-ticks-dig-in-with-a-mouth-full-of-hooks
    Thank you for watching! --Gabriela

    • Valentin Ramirez
      Valentin Ramirez أشهر قبل

      What if I was to use an cotton swab with rubbing alcohol? Is this better in any way or worse?

    • Marla Dickens
      Marla Dickens أشهر قبل

      That's a lot of typing.

    • Shalom Ayoola
      Shalom Ayoola 2 أشهر قبل

      who let them selves be bitten by all kinds of living things
      P.S(please answer) :)

    • Salty Salt
      Salty Salt 3 أشهر قبل

      Gabriela Quiros good bye blood cell

    • I be a DOCTOR
      I be a DOCTOR 4 أشهر قبل

      @Ernst F I was told to read the description and believe doctors over random people

  • Ryujin no ken wo kurae Ryuuga wagateki wo kurau!

    I hope ticks go extinct

  • Morris Morris
    Morris Morris 18 ساعات قبل

    Hi DeepLook, if the tick gose into our nose you can feel it in your vocal chord in the throat. How can you get rid of them in human body?

  • Jarrod Yuki
    Jarrod Yuki أيام قبل

    gene drives!!

  • heather
    heather 2 أيام قبل

    i have a diagnosed phobia of ticks, i probably shouldnt be watching this

  • Bleron
    Bleron 2 أيام قبل

    Have you tried putting the tick on rice?

  • SDylanski
    SDylanski 2 أيام قبل

    Where am I?

  • Cheneewee
    Cheneewee 2 أيام قبل

    I always kill ticks with a lighter when I find them because I don’t like freeloaders. One time one popped so loud and exploded. Wasn’t even that big.

  • HandsomeHolland MotorV
    HandsomeHolland MotorV 3 أيام قبل

    twist it? doesnt that alow the tick to ''trew'' up into your bloodstream ?

  • john medina
    john medina 3 أيام قبل +1

    YES

  • Yumimi Zy
    Yumimi Zy 3 أيام قبل

    I feel itchy lol

  • OTC Pet Deals
    OTC Pet Deals 3 أيام قبل

    I use Sentinel, protects against fleas and worms!

  • Jeremy videos/volgging
    Jeremy videos/volgging 3 أيام قبل

    This is why you never wear shorts

  • KINGJAYJAY
    KINGJAYJAY 4 أيام قبل +1

    I still burn them tho cuz they could at least ask before doing all that

  • BlackHokage z
    BlackHokage z 5 أيام قبل

    I just found a tick under my bed at that time I didn’t know what it was so myself being myself I pocked it’s belly with a pencil and blood started to come out worst rich encountered ever

  • michael martinez
    michael martinez 5 أيام قبل

    You should do a video on bed bugs

  • Doughnut Spaghetti
    Doughnut Spaghetti 6 أيام قبل

    Can't stand these little suckers

  • Mulder Nick
    Mulder Nick 6 أيام قبل

    I hate ticks

  • Chunt The Badger
    Chunt The Badger 7 أيام قبل

    Read this title totally wrong at first glance

  • Hudson Mann
    Hudson Mann 7 أيام قبل

    If you pull the tick out and you see skin where the mouth is that means you also got the head and it did not come of in your skin.

  • Martine Prudhomme
    Martine Prudhomme 7 أيام قبل

    1:55 WHAT IS THAT!?

  • Martine Prudhomme
    Martine Prudhomme 7 أيام قبل

    I'm glad I didn't get bit by a tick,or mosquito

  • fl00fydragon
    fl00fydragon 9 أيام قبل

    Kill it with fire.

  • Ban Kidz Bop
    Ban Kidz Bop 10 أيام قبل

    When i get a tick i put a little bit of clear nail polish on it and i believe that suffocates it or something, but it forces the tick to get out of my skin.

  • AbbeyGooiy Oof
    AbbeyGooiy Oof 10 أيام قبل

    i want to die now

  • Christina Leo
    Christina Leo 10 أيام قبل

    ow it hurts too get them out I got one before

  • Janet.S
    Janet.S 11 أيام قبل

    Kill it.
    ASAP

  • Jordano Berrios
    Jordano Berrios 12 أيام قبل

    Whyyyy am I watching this while I’m cooking????

  • LeafyPotato Kitty
    LeafyPotato Kitty 12 أيام قبل

    I'm scared 😱 😱 OUT

  • Shane Bickmore
    Shane Bickmore 13 أيام قبل

    Ok... You just creeped me out!! Now it feels like my skin is crawling... Time for a tick check... Where's my wife??

  • John Ernest
    John Ernest 13 أيام قبل

    See one in your house and burn it all down. Little basterds.

  • Pierre Gian Briones
    Pierre Gian Briones 13 أيام قبل

    That ticks always In my body and a flush the tick

  • goldrose
    goldrose 14 أيام قبل

    1:53 what the fluff?!?! it’s like the size of a freaking egg!

  • kasha Zadi
    kasha Zadi 15 أيام قبل +1

    I went from head lice to this lol

  • luke carpenter
    luke carpenter 15 أيام قبل +9

    "they cense us with the carbon-dioxide that we give out"
    Me: **stops breathing**

  • CretanFat
    CretanFat 15 أيام قبل

    O fuc no I'm out

  • Maple's Animations
    Maple's Animations 15 أيام قبل +6

    Everyone saying its winter its summer for me

    **chuckles**
    *i'm in danger*

    • that awkward loner
      that awkward loner 3 أيام قبل

      Maple's Animations
      Lucky for you, I live in the equator.

  • llamabird
    llamabird 16 أيام قبل

    I honestly found this hilarious

  • TN 1244
    TN 1244 16 أيام قبل

    Nice big belly

  • Azhar Khan
    Azhar Khan 16 أيام قبل

    Nice vedio and nice voice i am amaze totally

  • CringeFire9 [CAMERON NUTS!!]
    CringeFire9 [CAMERON NUTS!!] 16 أيام قبل

    Okay, WHO thought it was a good idea to make live Cameron Nuts?

  • Lilli
    Lilli 17 أيام قبل

    My ticks are different. When they suck a lot of your blood they have huge green things like the adult

  • Sean Ferree
    Sean Ferree 17 أيام قبل +1

    Ticks are the absolute disgustingest thing ever

  • yelyh
    yelyh 17 أيام قبل +1

    Eek

  • Fishing Master Awesome
    Fishing Master Awesome 17 أيام قبل +1

    Ticks are disgusting and have no place on this earth

    • Sean Ferree
      Sean Ferree 17 أيام قبل +1

      I'm right there with ya

  • master gamer
    master gamer 18 أيام قبل +1

    Who else checked them selves after this lol

  • 777stepankin
    777stepankin 18 أيام قبل

    nymph 🤦‍♂️🤣

  • TriforceKia
    TriforceKia 18 أيام قبل

    Thx for the nightmares

  • just._. stella
    just._. stella 18 أيام قبل

    i love how relatable the comment section is 😂

  • GalaxyMuffin X3
    GalaxyMuffin X3 18 أيام قبل

    I hate lone stars....I got hit by one

  • John Alley
    John Alley 19 أيام قبل

    Absolutely wrong about pulling the tick out. Using a tick twister will allow you to get the tick out without leaving the mouth parts in.

  • Chrystal Saylor
    Chrystal Saylor 19 أيام قبل

    Hay can you bring them home without you

  • Chrystal Saylor
    Chrystal Saylor 19 أيام قبل

    Can ticks bite

  • YOUSYRUS Gaming
    YOUSYRUS Gaming 19 أيام قبل

    When I first saw the front of the video I thought it was a spider😅

  • Qhayyum Pasito
    Qhayyum Pasito 19 أيام قبل

    *Deeper!*

  • トードゥー
    トードゥー 19 أيام قبل +4

    IMAGINE ACCIDENTALLY SQUASHING THEM IN THE BED WHILE YOU'RE SLEEPING.

    • Static
      Static 7 أيام قبل

      トードゥー Wouldn’t work. They are extremely hard to squish.

    • Lyla Etheridge
      Lyla Etheridge 14 أيام قبل

      🤒🤕🤢

  • Akasacara Film
    Akasacara Film 19 أيام قبل

    Did she just use palps and menace in the same sentence?

  • California E92
    California E92 19 أيام قبل

    This video ticks me off

  • Random VD
    Random VD 19 أيام قبل

    Im feel bad for the hand who been demonstration this

  • Britney Griffin
    Britney Griffin 20 أيام قبل

    I just found a tick on me and now I lost it somewhere in my room 😭

  • Will Bradley
    Will Bradley 20 أيام قبل

    You forgot the part at the end where you're suppose to torture the tick by burning it slowly over an open flame.

  • A. Reeves
    A. Reeves 20 أيام قبل

    0:11
    Laura: *The hills are alive*
    Me, innocent: *With the sound of music...*

  • diviide
    diviide 20 أيام قبل

    Those ticks better be grateful >:(

  • Soraya Ahmadi
    Soraya Ahmadi 21 أيام قبل

    Ew but ok

  • Mechanized Satyr
    Mechanized Satyr 21 أيام قبل

    Why does deep look have to be like this, maybe it fell on your bed, did you know fave mites are arachnids on your face? Jesus

  • Veronica Nicasio
    Veronica Nicasio 21 أيام قبل

    After watching this I feel like if I have ticks all over my body

  • Ajar Aspie
    Ajar Aspie 21 أيام قبل

    Be extremely careful when using tweezers to remove them! You don’t want to rip the body and leave the head. I once did that and it took me a while to pull its teeth out of my skin.

  • 민수
    민수 22 أيام قبل

    Oh well, time to not breath

  • Tea Queen
    Tea Queen 22 أيام قبل

    My Dog Died because Of that ):

  • aina zain
    aina zain 22 أيام قبل

    1:56 is that how their baby egg sounds like?

  • Caefur _death
    Caefur _death 22 أيام قبل

    I had one of the white tick in my head or something but i survived it

  • Doggy Doggo
    Doggy Doggo 22 أيام قبل +1

    I SAW THAT TICK ON OUR BED!

  • Mitzi Hannah
    Mitzi Hannah 24 أيام قبل

    I have a question. Who volunteered themselves to get bitten by those ticks?

  • cave man
    cave man 24 أيام قبل

    3.30: get the f outta here!

  • Jonjie Bacurnay
    Jonjie Bacurnay 24 أيام قبل

    Tick...... Ticktok...

  • CargoRay
    CargoRay 24 أيام قبل

    Surely we would feel them digging through our skin no?

    • Static
      Static 7 أيام قبل

      CargoRay Wrong. These things are completely stealthy. You can’t feel them from the moment they latch onto you to the moment they are finished sucking 3 days later. On rare occasions people have reported that they were tickled by it when it crawled however 90% of the time they are identified by looking at them and usually never by feel.

  • Galaxy midnight Cat
    Galaxy midnight Cat 25 أيام قبل

    😰😰😰😰😰😰😰😰😰😰

  • Alien Space
    Alien Space 25 أيام قبل +3

    "when a tick is full, i mean completely full. It falls off where ever it may be..maybe into ur bed" No please dont say that.

  • Plate
    Plate 25 أيام قبل

    Who does the music, it's awesome!

  • Raijin Wizzy
    Raijin Wizzy 25 أيام قبل

    Disgusting

  • Banana Gaming
    Banana Gaming 27 أيام قبل

    Do they eat bananas?

  • Sanskriti Dutta
    Sanskriti Dutta 27 أيام قبل

    Thank you. This is amazing.

  • TrickMasterBlock
    TrickMasterBlock 27 أيام قبل

    This is what makes me wonder, why do bugs like these exist. No purpose other than to feed off other animals and spread down their other parisitic babies....

  • Nick H
    Nick H 27 أيام قبل

    Wait wait wait SHE where's the male what there's only a female sexsist arachnid

  • Cooper: The world’s least-smart poodle

    Only 350 more subscribers until one million!

  • sylvia quintino
    sylvia quintino 28 أيام قبل

    Oh bleep

  • Super Friends
    Super Friends 29 أيام قبل

    atleast you guys are here from recommended... i actually SEARCHED for this video. what’s wrong with me

  • im Relos
    im Relos 29 أيام قبل

    SOMEONE PASS THE BUG SPRAY

  • alex bro
    alex bro 29 أيام قبل

    Why recommend

  • Reasonable bean bag
    Reasonable bean bag 29 أيام قبل

    Now I'm scared of the outdoors

  • Chuck Finley
    Chuck Finley أشهر قبل

    It is truly amazing how such a tiny little creature can ruin lives of people or animals. As diligent as I was checking my dog for ticks he ended up with Lyme Disease twice in his 13 years of life.
    I had a neighbor who got Lyme Disease and it tore him up something fierce. He was never right after that!!!

  • - WE TV -
    - WE TV - أشهر قبل

    The good is they dont give poison

  • Jason Blake
    Jason Blake أشهر قبل

    Never hike in shorts and short sleeves

  • xtreambit tech
    xtreambit tech أشهر قبل

    No Jodas que asco 🤢

  • sam Turner
    sam Turner أشهر قبل

    I feel itchy

  • Junior Mudd
    Junior Mudd أشهر قبل

    nasty buggers

  • 登録千人でようつべデビュー!カエルちゃん

    They should be friggin eradicated!!

  • MGTOW LOGIC
    MGTOW LOGIC أشهر قبل

    No comparison to a wife

  • TootsiesCreationz
    TootsiesCreationz أشهر قبل

    Never seen a tick with red body.

  • Cubathon
    Cubathon أشهر قبل

    Me seeing a tick on u : LOOK OUT
    Tick: yummy uh oh HALP